TRAUMA BONDS

TRAUMA BONDS - CONTENTS

CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION

  • The Stockholm syndrome
  • The negative side of bonding
  • Typical situations and contexts
  • Topicality
  • Definition of a trauma bond

CHAPTER 2: THE ATTACHMENT PROCESS

  • The theory of attachment
    • The genetic factor
    • Important factors regarding bonding
    • A window of opportunity that has to be utilized
    • What happens when a window of opportunity is not utilized?
    • Classification of attachment
    • How does abuse and neglect influence attachment?
    • Are attachment problems always associated with abuse and neglect?
    • The importance of positive attachments
  • The role of oxytocin
    • Risk factors
    • The importance of social neuroscience
    • The occurrence of attachment with voles
    • Oxytocin and PTSD
    • Future research regarding oxytocin
  • Further perceptions regarding the biological impact of unresolved trauma

CHAPTER 3: HOW TRAUMA AFFECTS PEOPLE

  • Eight ways in which trauma can affect people
    • Trauma reaction
    • Trauma pleasure / arousal
    • Trauma blocking
    • Trauma fragmenting (splitting)
    • Trauma abstinence
    • Trauma shame
    • Trauma repetition

CHAPTER 4: SYMPTOMS, CHARACTERISTICS AND THE CONSEQUENCES OF TRAUMA BONDS

CHAPTER 5: TYPICAL SITUATIONS THAT ARE CONDUCIVE TO THE ESTABLISHMENT OF TRAUMA BONDS

  • Senseless or Illogical loyalty
  • Indications of the presence of trauma bonds
  • Trauma attachment / bonds as an addiction
    • Five important realities regarding trauma bonds
      • Trauma bonds seldom pose separately
      • Trauma bonds and their allies might become a life pattern
      • Trauma bonds can become a long-term process
      • Any person can become a potential candidate of trauma bonds
      • Trauma bonds are not necessarily bad although it focuses on survival
  • Typical situations in which trauma bonds may occur
    • Narcissism
    • Human trafficking
      • Goals
      • The process of annihilation
      • Punishment
      • Intervention strategies
      • Obstacles during the healing process
      • Conclusion

CHAPTER 6: TACTICS AND STRATEGY OF THE VICTIMIZER

  • The victim is deprived of his/her right to make decisions
  • Reinforcement and confirmation of trauma bonds
    • Two important characteristics
    • Transference of balance of power
    • A social trap
    • Bound by trauma as if with elastic
    • Walker’s three phases

CHAPTER 7: GENERAL PRACTICAL GUIDELINES

  • General guidelines
  • Guidelines regarding a recovery plan by Patrick Carnes
    • Further steps to the healing process
      • Healing plan concerning reaction to trauma
      • Healing plan concerning arousal
      • Healing plan concerning blocking of emotions
      • Healing plan concerning splitting
      • Healing plan concerning deprivation / abstinence
      • Healing plan concerning shame/humiliation
      • Healing plan concerning repetition compulsion

CHAPTER 8: PRACTICAL GUIDELINES REGARDING CHILDREN

  • Nurturing and caring for such children
  • Before applying punishment first try to understand the behaviour
  • Interaction with such children has to take place in accordance with their emotional age
  • Be consistent, predictable and repetitive
  • Demonstrate and teach correct social behaviour
  • Make time to listen and talk to these children
  • Realistic expectations regarding these children
  • Be patient with yourself as well as the progress of the child
  • You have to look after yourself as well
  • Utilize other resources as well

CHAPTER 9: PASTORAL PERSPECTIVES

  • Trauma and betrayal in the spiritual field
  • Prayer guidelines
  • Identify possible blockages regarding bonding between mother and child
    • Problems regarding bonding between mother and child
  • Ask God to remove the obstacle
  • Ask God for a “new” birth experience
  • Conclusion

ANNEXURE A: Post-traumatic stress index

ANNEXURE B: The process of the development of trauma bonds

ANNEXURE C: Important web pages regarding trauma bonds

BIBLIOGRAPHY