20. Pastoral counseling of traumatized children (Index)

TRAUMATIZED CHILDRED - CONTENTS

CHAPTER 1: BASIC DEPARTURE POINTS WITH REFERENCE TO TRAUMATISED CHILDREN

  • Repetitive traumatic memories
    • Intervention based on exposure to unresolved trauma
    • Exposure techniques
    • Cognitive therapy
  • Background of the typical youth transgressor
  • Few therapeutic programmes focus on the past as well as unique needs
    • Importance of the child's history
    • The importance of a safe environment with meaningful relationships
    • Early patterns of attachment are decisive
    • The important influence of family relationships with reference to later handling of trauma
    • The dynamics of trauma during childhood
    • Results of chronic traumatisation
    • Childhood trauma and psychiatric diseases
    • A new diagnosis: developmental trauma disorder
    • Re-enactments of traumatic events
  • Typical patterns of emotions and behaviour after trauma
  • Different factors determine individuals’ reactions to trauma
  • The role of trauma echoes
  • Routine and rituals
  • Self – regulation
  • Trauma disrupts the normal development of basic abilities
    • Two key concepts
  • The caregiver serves as a mirror of the development of identity
  • Some preliminary therapeutic guidelines

CHAPTER 2: DIFFERENT TYPES OF INTERVENTIONS FOR CHILDREN

  • Focussed activities
  • Relaxation and muscle exercises
  • Bibliotherapy
  • Art activities
  • Creating a timeline
  • The therapeutic value of drawing
    • Verbal reporting while drawing
    • Drawings as extension and complement of children's verbal reports
  • Specific drawing tasks for trauma defusing and intervention
    • To make a drawing of what happened
    • The child must draw him- / herself in relationship to the traumatic experience
    • A drawing of the body of the victim
    • Explanation of a drawing of the human body
    • A drawing of the family
    • Boundary blueprint
    • Draw how your family has changed
  • Working with physically and sexually abused children
  • Summarised perspectives

CHAPTER 3: THE DEVASTATING EFFECT OF CHILHOOD TRAUMA

  • Historic background
    • The body as a holistic whole
    • The possible relation between negative childhood experiences and the smoking habit
    • The possible relation between negative childhood experiences and the abuse of alcohol
    • Trauma during childhood and later physical problems

CHAPTER 4: THE LIFE CRISIS SCALE BY HOLMES & RAHE FOR CHILDREN AND YOUNG PEOPLE

  • Children and young people
  • Life events scale
  • Interpretation of the scale

CHAPTER 5: PRACTICAL ASPECTS FOR THE COUNSELLING OF CHILDREN

    • Guidelines by Dr Tina Brookes
      • Some myths about the accompaniment of traumatised children
      • How can we help them?

ADDENDUM A: ADVERSE CHILDHOOD EXPERIENCES - ACE SCORE
ADDENDUM B: MANUALS ON COUNSELING (English)
ADDENDUM C: HANDLEIDINGS RONDOM PASTORALE BERADING (Afrikaans)
BIBLIOGRAPHY