5. Burnout in the ministry (Index)





CHAPTER 1:  THE EMOTIONAL HAZARDS OF THE MINISTRY                                      

Prof Archibald D. Hart

·         Introduction                                                                                                                         

·         Overview of research covering the last 50 years                                                              

·         Prof Hart’s major empirical studies                                                                                    

o        The emotional hazards of ministry (1983-84)                                                              

§         Financial                                                                                                                 

§         Family                                                                                                                     

§         Stress and burnout                                                                                                 

§         Role conflicts                                                                                                          

§         Seminary training                                                                                                   

§         Sexuality                                                                                                                 

§         Internal (emotional) hazards                                                                                  

o         Burnout in Ministry (2000 - 2001)                                                                                

o        Pastors in conflict (2000 - 2001)                                                                                  

·         Six areas of critical concern                                                                                               

  • The inadequacy of the preparation of the “person” of the pastor for the work

of ministry                                                                                                                     

  • Ministers have not been properly trained regarding the area of sexuality                    
  • Stress is an inherent part of pastoral ministry                                                             
  • A lack of instruction in a basic understanding of the major emotional systems          
  • A failure on the part of the church to engender a respect for self-care in both

parishioners and pastors                                                                                             

  • There has been a failure to provide pastors with an understanding of

“systems theory”                                                                                                          

·         Concluding remarks                                                                                                           


CHAPTER 2:  MINISTRY BURNOUT - PREVENTION AND CURE                                   

Prof Archibalt Hart

·         Burnout is a reality                                                                                                              

·         Understanding burnout                                                                                                       

·     The differences between stress, depression and burnout                                                          

  • Stress                                                                                                                           
  • Depression                                                                                                                   
  • Burnout                                                                                                                         

·         Differences between burnout and stress                                                                           

·     Who suffers from burnout?                                                                                                

·         Preventing burnout                                                                                                             

o        Recognizing the problem                                                                                             

o        A friend in time of need                                                                                                 

o        Is burnout a sign of failure?                                                                                          

o        Should you seek professional help?                                                                            

o        Personal coping                                                                                                           

  • Three important areas of personal functioning                                                            

§         Assertiveness                                                                                                         

§         Role conflicts                                                                                                          

§         Confusion about the difference between empathy and sympathy                                  

v      Sympathy                                                                                                         

v      Empathy                                                                                                           

·         Conclusion                                                                                                                         

·         Twelve steps toward recovery from burnout                                                                     


CHAPTER 3: WELLNESS, STRESS AND CRISIS                                                                       

Dr William Wilson                                                                                                                              

·         Defining physical health                                                                                                     

·         The mechanisms that produce distress                                                                            

·         What kind of personalities are then most susceptible to stress?                                      

  • What is Type A behaviour like?                                                                                      
  • What is Type B behaviour like?                                                                                      

·         Stress induced syndromes                                                                                                

  • Burnout                                                                                                                         
  • Acute stress disorder                                                                                                   
  • Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)                                                                       

·         Stress as a factor in other illnesses                                                                                  

·         Crisis                                                                                                                                  

  • What is a crisis?                                                                                                          

§         Relational crises                                                                                                     

§         Economic crises                                                                                                    

§         Physical crises                                                                                                       

§         Spiritual crises                                                                                                        

·         Christianity and the management of stress and crisis                                                      

  • Suggested steps by Norman Wright                                                                            
  • The extended family                                                                                                     
  • The church                                                                                                                   
  • Appropriate Scripture                                                                                                   
  • Prayer                                                                                                                           
  • A continued relationship                                                                                               

·         Summary                                                                                                                            



Dr Louis McBurney

A.  Problems and pressure of the ministry                                                                              

·         The scope of the problem                                                                                            

·         Intensity of the problems                                                                                              

·         Five general areas of conflict in the lives of ministers/Christian workers                    

o        The crisis of authority                                                                                             

o        The crisis of identity                                                                                               

o        The crisis of priority                                                                                                

o        The crisis of integrity

o        The crisis of dependency

B. Role-specific pressures

  • Pastorate

o        Impossible tasks

o        Mandate to succeed

o        Job insecurity

o        Unexpressed anger

o        Financial pressure

  • Youth workers

o        Surrogate parent role

o        High energy output

o        Loss of privacy, dignity, and sanity

o        Poor pay, power and prestige

o        Sexual seduction

  • Music ministers

o        The creative personality

o        Subordinate role

o        Pressure to entertain

o        Financial insecurity

  • The para-church minister

o        Fund raising

o        Loneliness

o        High turnover of personnel

C. Resistance to counseling

  • Belief in the infallibility of ministers
  • Fear of exposure as failure
  • Fear of rejection
  • Dealing with feelings



Prof Wentzel Coetzer

·         There is a cost to caring

·         The role of unresolved trauma

·         Counter transference

·         The conspiracy of silence

·         Secondary traumatisation affects a wide variety of people in the helping fields                

·         Compassion fatigue

·        Shortcomings in the training of counselors and therapists

·         Factors contributing towards compassion fatigue

·         Which are the red lights signalling danger?                                                                       

·         Practical guidelines in preventing and coping with compassion fatigue


CHAPTER 6:  A PASTORAL APPROACH TOWARDS BURNOUT                                    

Dr George Roux

·         Approaching the burnout person                                                                                        

·         Definition                                                                                                                             

·         Spiritual directors                                                                                                               

·         Phases of the burnout process                                                                                          

·         Typical symptoms                                                                                                              

·         Anxiety and burnout                                                                                                            

·         Type A and B                                                                                                                      

·         Further important aspects                                                                                                  

·         The multi-system pressures on the professional                                                                        

·         How do you survive?                                                                                                          




Appendix  1:  Type A or Type B personality                                                                            

Appendix  2:  Difference between empathy and sympathy                                                    

Appendix  3:  Burnout checklist                                                                                              

Appendix  4:  Symptoms of burnout                                                                                       

Appendix  5:  The Burns depression checklist                                                                       

Appendix  6:  Clergy burnout inventory                                                                                   

Appendix  7:  The Burns anxiety inventory                                                                             

Appendix  8:   The impact of secondary traumatic stress